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How-To: Find Empirical Research Articles

Tips for finding scholarly articles that report empirical research

Definition and components

Empirical studies use data derived from observation or experiment. Original research papers that describe empirical studies and their results are published in academic journals.

Articles that report empirical research contain different parts.  These parts relate to the steps of the scientific method.

      Abstract - The abstract provides a very brief summary of the research.

     Introduction - The introduction sets the research in a context, which provides a review of related research and develops the hypotheses for the  research.

     Method - The method section describes how the research was conducted.

     Results - The results section describes the outcomes of the study.

     Discussion - The discussion section contains the interpretations and implications of the study.

     References - A references section lists the articles, books, and other material cited in the report.